A sugar alcohol derived from fruits, vegetables, and hardwoods. Used as a reduced calorie sweetener to replace sugars.
The non-nutritive, non-digestible portion of chewing gum that consists of insoluble ingredients that remain after chewing.
A reduced-calorie sugar alcohol. Used to replace sugar in foods and provide sweetness.
A reduced-calorie sugar alcohol used to replace sugar and provide sweetness.
A component of some fats and oils, such as palm kernel oil and coconut oil, characterized by the type of the fatty acids. All dietary fats are made from different types of fatty acids.
An ingredient naturally occurring in apples that has a smooth, tart taste. Used to enhance the flavor of food.
A naturally occurring substance found in lemons, limes, and other sour fruits. Often used as a flavoring agent and as a preservative to increase a product's shelf life.
A color additive that is added to a food or beverage to enhance the color. It can be used in various forms such as liquids, powders, and gels. (The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (U.S. FDA) considers any substance added for color to be artificial color regardless of a natural or synthetic origin.)
A substance found in the oil component of certain plants and eggs that acts as an emulsifier, to prevent ingredients from separating. Sources of lecithin include soy (soya), rice, sunflower, and eggs.
An artificial, low-calorie sweetener with about 200 times the sweetness of sugar. Because it is so sweet, only very small amounts are used. "Phenylketonurics - Contains Phenylalanine" is a warning statement found in products that contain Aspartame.
A carbohydrate obtained by breaking down starch – typically corn starch. Used to improve texture and flavor of food.
A protein of animal origin used to thicken and stabilize foods.
A zero-calorie sweetener with about 200 times the sweetness of sugar. Also known as acesulfame-K, Ace-K®, Sunette, and Sweet One®. “K” is the chemical symbol for potassium.
Starch derived from corn that has been modified with a permitted starch-modifying agent. Used as a thickener.
A gum obtained from the Acacia Tree. Used as a thickener in food. Also known as gum arabic.
A reduced-calorie sugar alcohol derived from corn, and also found naturally in fruits like apples and pears. Sorbitol has about half the sweetness of sugar and is used to replace sugar, or as a humectant in foods to help preserve the moisture.
A no-calorie sweetener that is 7,000 to 13,000 times sweeter than sugar. Because it is so sweet, only very small amounts are used.