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A white, fluid beverage produced from dairy cattle. A source of nutrients, including protein, and calcium.
Liquid or paste that is produced when cacao (cocoa) nibs are finely ground. As defined by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (U.S. FDA), it must contain between 50%-60% (by weight) cocoa butter (cacao fat), and may also be called unsweetened chocolate, baking chocolate, bitter chocolate, or chocolate liquor. It does not contain alcohol.
The naturally occurring fat obtained from cacao (cocoa) beans either before or after roasting. Cocoa butter is a unique vegetable fat extracted from cacao (cocoa) beans or chocolate liquor. Its unique fatty acid composition, including palmitic, stearic, oleic and linolenic acids, provides the pleasant mouth-feel and flavor release of chocolate products.
The fat that occurs naturally in milk. Also referred to as butter fat.
A substance found in the oil component of certain plants and eggs that acts as an emulsifier, to prevent ingredients from separating. Sources of lecithin include soy (soya), rice, sunflower, and eggs.
A clear coating that is applied to foods to improve their appearance and protect them.
A gum obtained from the Acacia Tree. Used as a thickener in food. Also known as gum arabic.
The term “sugar” can be used to either refer specifically to sucrose or it can be used generally to refer to all simple sugars (lactose, glucose, fructose, galactose, sucrose, etc.).
A sweetener made from corn starch. Also known as glucose syrup.
Starch derived from corn, used as a thickener.
Oil that is obtained from the seed, or fruit, of the coconut palm tree.
A color additive that is added to a food or beverage to enhance the color. It can be used in various forms such as liquids, powders, and gels. (The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (U.S. FDA) considers any substance added for color to be artificial color regardless of a natural or synthetic origin.)
Small legumes that can be eaten in many different ways, such as roasted, salted or plain. Peanuts can also be ground into peanut butter.