Cocoa powder that has been treated with alkalizing agents to reduce the bitter flavor, resulting in a milder tasting cocoa when compared to cocoa powder. Also known as Dutched Cocoa.
A food additive made from various vegetable oils. Used to help keep food moist and fresh longer. Also known as glycerol.
A reduced-calorie sugar alcohol that is about 70% as sweet as sugar. Often used in sugar-free foods to replace sugar.
A food additive that helps maintain color of certain foods, adjust the acidity, or act as a preservative to increase a product's shelf life. Also known as sodium bisulfate.
A gum produced through the fermentation of corn sugar. Used as a thickener and emulsifier in food products.
A natural flavor enhancer and preservative. Also known as table salt or sodium chloride.
A zero-calorie sweetener with about 200 times the sweetness of sugar. Also known as acesulfame-K, Ace-K®, Sunette, and Sweet One®. “K” is the chemical symbol for potassium.
A no-calorie artificial sweetener about 300 to 1,000 times as sweet as sugar and is also sold under the brand name Splenda®. Because it is so sweet, only very small amounts are used.
A compound added to foods to provide zinc, which is needed to maintain the immune system.
A form of vitamin E, a fat-soluble vitamin that serves as an antioxidant in the body.
A form of Vitamin B3 that helps convert carbohydrates in the body into energy.
A B vitamin that aids in cell growth and the breakdown of fats and protein. Also known as vitamin B7.