The term “sugar” can be used to either refer specifically to sucrose or it can be used generally to refer to all simple sugars (lactose, glucose, fructose, galactose, sucrose, etc.).
A sweetener made from corn starch. Also known as glucose syrup.
A blend of chocolate liquor with cocoa butter, sugar, flavor such as vanilla or other ingredients, and sometimes an emulsifier, such as lecithin. In the U.S., semi-sweet chocolate is required to contain a minimum of 35% chocolate liquor. Also known as bittersweet chocolate.
A mixture of glucose and fructose that is sweeter than sugar, more soluble and doesn't crystallize as quickly.
The egg white is the clear liquid within an egg, also known as albumin. It contains about 50% of the egg's protein and has very minimal fat content.
Oil obtained from the leaves of the peppermint plant. Used as a flavor. Also called peppermint oil.