A sugar alcohol derived from fruits, vegetables, and hardwoods. Used as a reduced calorie sweetener to replace sugars.
The non-nutritive, non-digestible portion of chewing gum that consists of insoluble ingredients that remain after chewing.
A reduced-calorie sugar alcohol used to replace sugar and provide sweetness.
A color additive that is added to a food or beverage to enhance the color. It can be used in various forms such as liquids, powders, and gels. (The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (U.S. FDA) considers any substance added for color to be artificial color regardless of a natural or synthetic origin.)
A substance found in the oil component of certain plants and eggs that acts as an emulsifier, to prevent ingredients from separating. Sources of lecithin include soy (soya), rice, sunflower, and eggs.
A naturally occurring substance found in lemons, limes, and other sour fruits. Often used as a flavoring agent and as a preservative to increase a product's shelf life.
A gum obtained from the Acacia Tree. Used as a thickener in food. Also known as gum arabic.
An ingredient naturally occurring in apples that has a smooth, tart taste. Used to enhance the flavor of food.
An artificial, low-calorie sweetener with about 200 times the sweetness of sugar. Because it is so sweet, only very small amounts are used. "Phenylketonurics - Contains Phenylalanine" is a warning statement found in products that contain Aspartame.
A zero-calorie sweetener with about 200 times the sweetness of sugar. Also known as acesulfame-K, Ace-K®, Sunette, and Sweet One®. “K” is the chemical symbol for potassium.
A protein of animal origin used to thicken and stabilize foods.
A no-calorie sweetener that is 7,000 to 13,000 times sweeter than sugar. Because it is so sweet, only very small amounts are used.
A no-calorie artificial sweetener about 300 to 1,000 times as sweet as sugar and is also sold under the brand name Splenda®. Because it is so sweet, only very small amounts are used.