A reduced calorie sugar alcohol used to replace sugar and provide sweetness in foods.
A sugar alcohol derived from fruits, vegetables, and hardwoods. Used as a reduced calorie sweetener to replace sugars.
A carbohydrate obtained by breaking down starch – typically corn starch. Used to improve texture and flavor of food.
A form of magnesium which acts as a lubricant when making tablets and capsules.
An artificial, low-calorie sweetener with about 200 times the sweetness of sugar. Because it is so sweet, only very small amounts are used. "Phenylketonurics - Contains Phenylalanine" is a warning statement found in products that contain Aspartame.
A gum obtained from the Acacia Tree. Used as a thickener in food. Also known as gum arabic.
A complex carbohydrate that keeps ingredients from sticking together.
A reduced-calorie sugar alcohol. Used to replace sugar in foods and provide sweetness.
A zero-calorie sweetener with about 200 times the sweetness of sugar. Also known as acesulfame-K, Ace-K®, Sunette, and Sweet One®. “K” is the chemical symbol for potassium.
A no-calorie sweetener that is 7,000 to 13,000 times sweeter than sugar. Because it is so sweet, only very small amounts are used.
A food additive made from various vegetable oils. Used to help keep food moist and fresh longer. Also known as glycerol.
A substance found in the oil component of certain plants and eggs that acts as an emulsifier, to prevent ingredients from separating. Sources of lecithin include soy (soya), rice, sunflower, and eggs.
A no-calorie artificial sweetener about 300 to 1,000 times as sweet as sugar and is also sold under the brand name Splenda®. Because it is so sweet, only very small amounts are used.
A color additive that is added to a food or beverage to enhance the color. It can be used in various forms such as liquids, powders, and gels. (The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (U.S. FDA) considers any substance added for color to be artificial color regardless of a natural or synthetic origin.)
A gum obtained from various Middle Eastern legumes. Used to thicken foods.
Oil that is obtained from the seed of canola plants. Canola is also called rapeseed or field mustard.
An artificial ingredient composed of saturated fatty acids and sugar alcohols. Used as an emulsifier, wetting agent and dispersing agent to improve the texture of food.
A natural ingredient found in lemon and orange rinds and often in ripe fruits. Pectin is a source of soluble fiber and it is often used as a thickener and stabilizer for jams, jellies and other foods.
A naturally occurring substance found in lemons, limes, and other sour fruits. Often used as a flavoring agent and as a preservative to increase a product's shelf life.